|Studio album by|
|Released||December 15, 1975|
|Recorded||March–October 1975 |
|Studio||United Sound, Detroit, Michigan, and Hollywood Sound, Hollywood, California|
NBLP 7022/Def Jam
|Singles from Mothership Connection|
Mothership Connection is the fourth album by American funk band Parliament, released on December 15, 1975 on Casablanca Records. This concept album is often rated among the best Parliament-Funkadelic releases, and was the first to feature horn players Maceo Parker and Fred Wesley, who had previously backed James Brown in the J.B.'s.
Mothership Connection became Parliament's first album to be certified gold and later platinum. It was supported by the hit "Give Up the Funk (Tear the Roof off the Sucker)," the band's first million-selling single. The Library of Congress added the album to the National Recording Registry in 2011, declaring "The album has had an enormous influence on jazz, rock and dance music."
The album is held together by a loose, escapist outer-space theme. Describing the concept, George Clinton said "We had put black people in situations nobody ever thought they would be in, like the White House. I figured another place you wouldn't think black people would be was in outer space. I was a big fan of Star Trek, so we did a thing with a pimp sitting in a spaceship shaped like a Cadillac, and we did all these James Brown-type grooves, but with street talk and ghetto slang." The album's concept would form the backbone of P-Funk's concert performances during the 1970s, in which a large spaceship prop known as the Mothership would be lowered onto the stage as part of Dr. Funkenstein's arrival.
BBC Music described the album as a pioneering work of afrofuturism "set in a future universe where black astronauts interact with alien worlds." Journalist Frasier McAlpine stated that "As a reaction to an increasingly fraught 1970s urban environment in which African-American communities faced the end of the optimism of the civil rights era, this flamboyant imagination (and let's be frank, exceptional funkiness) was both righteous and joyful."
|Christgau's Record Guide||A−|
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|||
On release, Rolling Stone called the album a "parody of modern funk" and stated that "unlike the Ohio Players or Commodores, the group refuses to play it straight. Instead, Clinton spews his jive, conceived from some cosmic funk vision." Village Voice critic Robert Christgau stated that Clinton "keeps the beat going with nothing but his rap, some weird keyboard, and cymbals for stretches of side one," and described "Give Up the Funk" as "galactic."
Retrospectively, it gained high regard. Rolling Stone's 2003 review gave the record 5 stars: "The masterpiece, the slang creator, the icon builder, the master narrative--or 'the bomb,' as Clinton succinctly put it before anyone else." AllMusic called it "the definitive Parliament-Funkadelic album," in which "George Clinton's revolving band lineups, differing musical approaches, and increasingly thematic album statements reached an ideal state, one that resulted in enormous commercial success as well as a timeless legacy." Dr. Dre famously sampled the songs "Mothership Connection (Star Child)" and "P-Funk (Wants to Get Funked Up)" on his album The Chronic.
The album has received many accolades, including being named TV network VH1's 55th greatest album of all time. In 2012, it was ranked at number 276 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. It was featured again on the 2020 edition, at number 363. Vibe listed Mothership Connection in their "Essential Black Rock Recordings" list, and it was included in the 2005 book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die.
|1.||"P. Funk (Wants to Get Funked Up)"||George Clinton, Bootsy Collins, Bernie Worrell||7:41|
|2.||"Mothership Connection (Star Child)"||Clinton, Collins, Worrell||6:13|
|3.||"Unfunky UFO"||Clinton, Collins, Garry Shider||4:23|
|4.||"Supergroovalisticprosifunkstication"||Clinton, Collins, Shider, Worrell||5:03|
|5.||"Handcuffs"||Clinton, Glenn Goins, Janet McLaughlin||4:02|
|6.||"Give Up the Funk (Tear the Roof off the Sucker)"||Jerome Brailey, Clinton, Collins||5:46|
|7.||"Night of the Thumpasorus Peoples"||Clinton, Collins, Shider||5:10|
|8.||"Star Child (Mothership Connection)" (Promo Radio Version)||Clinton, Collins, Worrell||3:08|
- Lead vocals - George Clinton (Lead in "P. Funk (Wants to Get Funked Up)", "Mothership Connection (Star Child)"), Calvin Simon, Fuzzy Haskins, Ray Davis, Grady Thomas, Gary Shider (lead in "Handcuffs"), Glenn Goins (lead in "Unfunky UFO", "Handcuffs"), Bootsy Collins
- Horns - Fred Wesley, Maceo Parker, Michael Brecker, Randy Brecker, Boom, Joe Farrell
- Bass guitar - Bootsy Collins, Cordell Mosson
- Guitars - Garry Shider, Michael Hampton, Glenn Goins, Bootsy Collins
- Drums and percussion - Tiki Fulwood, Jerome Brailey, Bootsy Collins, Gary Cooper
- Keyboards and synthesizers - Bernie Worrell (Minimoog, Wurlitzer electric piano, ARP Pro Soloist and String Ensemble, RMI Electra Piano, Hammond organ, grand piano, Fender Rhodes, clavinet D6)
- Backing vocals and handclaps - Gary Cooper, Debbie Edwards, Taka Kahn, Archie Ivy, Bryna Chimenti, Rasputin Boutte, Pam Vincent, Debra Wright, Sidney Barnes
- Produced by George Clinton
- Engineered by Jim Vitti (in Detroit, Michigan), Ralph (Oops) Jim Callon (in Hollywood, California)
- Mastered by Allen Zentz
- Photography by David Alexander
- Art Direction and Design by Gribbitt!
|US Billboard 200||13|
|US R&B Albums||4|
|United States (RIAA)||Platinum||1,000,000^|
^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.
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